A Brief About Ayurveda & Its Benefits
The First Life Science
Ayurveda is a holistic system of medicine that is indigenous to and widely practiced in India. The word Ayurveda is a Sanskrit term meaning science of life. Ayu means life or daily living, and Veda is knowing. Ayurveda was first recorded in the Vedas. the world’s oldest extant literature. This healing system has been practiced in daily life in India for more than 5,000 years.
Ayurveda & Human Potential
Ayurveda teaches that man is a microcosm, a universe within himself. He is a child of the cosmic forces of the external environment, the macrocosm. His individual existence is indivisible from the total cosmic manifestation. Ayurveda views health and disease in holistic terms, taking into consideration the inherent relationship between individual and cosmic spirit, individual and cosmic consciousness, energy and matter.
According to the teachings of Ayurveda, every human being has four biological and spiritual instincts: religious, financial, pro-creative and the instinct toward freedom. Balanced good health is the foundation for the fulfillment of these instincts. Ayurveda helps the healthy person to maintain health, and the diseased person to regain health. It is a medical-metaphysical healing life-science, the mother of all healing arts. The practice of Ayurveda is designed to promote human happiness, health and creative growth.
Through studying the teachings of Ayurveda, the practical knowledge of self-healing may be acquired by anyone. By the proper balance of all energies in the body, the processes of physical deterioration and disease can be impressively reduced. This concept is basic to Ayurvedic science: the capability of the individual for self-healing.
The Human Constitution
Ether, Air, Fire, Water and Earth, the five basic elements, manifest in the human body as three basic principles, or humors, known as the tridosha. From the Ether and Air elements, the bodily air principal called vata is manifested. (In Sanskrit terminology, this principle is called vata dosha.} The Fire and Water elements manifest together in the body as the fire principle called pitta. The Earth and Water elements manifest as the bodily water humor known as kapha.
These three elements vata – pitta – kapha govern all the biological, psychological and physiopathological functions of the body, mind and consciousness. They act as basic constituents and protective barriers for the body in its normal physiological condition; when out of balance, they contribute to disease processes.
The tridosha are responsible for the arising of natural urges and for individual preferences in foods: their flavors, temperatures and so on. They govern the creation, maintenance and destruction of bodily tissue, and the elimination of waste products from the body. They are also responsible for psychological phenomena, including such emotions as fear, anger and greed: and for the highest order of human emotions such as understanding, compassion and love. Thus, the tridosha are the foundation of the psychosomatic existence of man.
The basic constitution of each individual is determined at conception. At the time of fertilization, the single male unit. the spermatozoon, unites with the single female element, the ovum. At the moment of this union, the constitution of the individual is determined by the permutations and combinations of bodily air, fire and water that manifest in the parents’ bodies.
In general, there are seven types of constitutions: (1) vata, (2) pitta, (3) kapha, (4) vata-pitta, (5) pitta-kapha, (6) vata-kapha and (7) vata-pitta-kapha. Among these seven general types, there are innumerable subtle variations that depend upon the percentage of vata-pitta-kapha elements in the constitution.
The constitution is called prakruti in Sanskrit, a term meaning nature, creativity or the first creation. In the body, the first expression of the basic five elements is the constitution. The basic constitution of the individual remains unaltered during the lifetime, as it is generally determined. The combination of elements present at birth remains constant. However, the combination of elements that governs the continuous physiopathological changes in the body alters in response to changes in the environment.
Throughout life, there is a ceaseless interaction between the internal and external environment. The external environment comprises the cosmic forces (macrocosm), while the internal forces (microcosm) are governed by the principles of vata-pitta-kapha. A basic principle of healing in Ayurveda holds that one may create balance in the internal forces working in the individual by altering diet and habits of living to counteract changes in his external environment.
Welcome to Veda5 Wellness, Rishikesh
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